Self-motion illusions in immersive virtual reality environments

Gerd Bruder, Frank Steinicke, Phil Wieland
VR, page 39--46 - 2011
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Motion perception in immersive virtual reality environments significantly differs from the real world. For example, previous work has shown that users tend to underestimate travel distances in immersive virtual environments (VEs). As a solution to this problem, some researchers propose to scale the mapped virtual camera motion relative to the tracked real-world movement of a user until real and virtual motion appear to match, i.e., real-world movements could be mapped with a larger gain to the VE in order to compensate for the underestimation. Although this approach usually results in more accurate self-motion judgments by users, introducing discrepancies between real and virtual motion can become a problem, in particular, due to misalignments of both worlds and distorted space cognition. In this paper we describe a different approach that introduces apparent self-motion illusions by manipulating optic flow fields during movements in VEs. These manipulations can affect self-motion perception in VEs, but omit a quantitative discrepancy between real and virtual motions. We introduce four illusions and show in experiments that optic flow manipulation can significantly affect users' self-motion judgments. Furthermore, we show that with such manipulation of optic flow fields the underestimation of travel distances can be compensated.

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BibTex references

  author       = "Bruder, Gerd and Steinicke, Frank and Wieland, Phil",
  title        = "Self-motion illusions in immersive virtual reality environments",
  booktitle    = "VR",
  pages        = "39--46",
  year         = "2011",
  editor       = "Hirose, Michitaka and Lok, Benjamin and Majumder, Aditi and Schmalstieg, Dieter",
  publisher    = "IEEE",
  keywords     = "vr-speed-illusions",
  url          = ""

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