Estimation of Detection Thresholds for Redirected Walking Techniques

Frank Steinicke, Gerd Bruder, Jason Jerald, Harald Frenz, Markus Lappe
IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics (TVCG), Volume 16, Number 1, page 17--27 - 2010
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In immersive virtual environments users can control their virtual viewpoint by walking through the real world, and movements are mapped one-to-one to virtual camera motions. With redirection techniques, the virtual camera is manipulated by applying gains so that the virtual world moves differently than the real world. We have quantified how much humans can unknowingly be redirected on paths, which are different from the visually perceived paths. We tested 12 subjects in three different psychophysical experiments. In experiment E1, subjects performed rotations with different gains, and then had to choose whether the visually perceived rotation was smaller or greater than the physical rotation. In experiment E2, subjects chose whether the physical walk was shorter or longer than the visually perceived scaled travel distance. In experiment E3, subjects estimate the path curvature when walking a curved path in the real world while the visual display shows a straight path in the virtual world. Our results show that users can be turned physically about 49% more or 20% less than the perceived virtual rotation, distances can be downscaled by 14% and up-scaled by 26%, and users can be redirected on a circular arc with a radius greater than 22m.

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BibTex references

  author       = "Steinicke, Frank and Bruder, Gerd and Jerald, Jason and Frenz, Harald and Lappe, Markus",
  title        = "Estimation of Detection Thresholds for Redirected Walking Techniques",
  journal      = "IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics (TVCG)",
  number       = "1",
  volume       = "16",
  pages        = "17--27",
  year         = "2010",
  keywords     = "detection-thresholds",
  url          = ""

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