Does a Gradual Transition to the Virtual World increase Presence?

Frank Steinicke, Gerd Bruder, Anthony Steed, Klaus H. Hinrichs, Alexander Gerlach
Proceedings of IEEE Virtual Reality (VR), page 203--210 - 2009
Download the publication : vr09_final.pdf [3.6Mo]  
In order to increase a user's sense of presence in an artificial environment some researchers propose a gradual transition from reality to the virtual world instead of immersing users into the virtual world directly. One approach is to start the VR experience in a virtual replica of the physical space to accustom users to the characteristics of VR, e.g., latency, reduced field of view or tracking errors, in a known environment. Although this procedure is already applied in VR demonstrations, until now it has not been verified whether the usage of such a transitional environment - as transition between real and virtual environment - increases someone's sense of presence. We have observed subjective, physiological and behavioral reactions of subjects during a fully-immersive flight phobia experiment under two different conditions: the virtual flight environment was displayed immediately, or subjects visited a transitional environment before entering the virtual flight environment. We have quantified to what extent a gradual transition to the VE via a transitional environment increases the level of presence. We have found that subjective responses show significantly higher scores for the user's sense of presence, and that subjects' behavioral reactions change when a transitional environment is shown first. Considering physiological reactions, no significant difference could be found.

Images and movies


BibTex references

  author       = "Steinicke, Frank and Bruder, Gerd and Steed, Anthony and Hinrichs, Klaus H. and Gerlach, Alexander",
  title        = "Does a Gradual Transition to the Virtual World increase Presence?",
  booktitle    = "Proceedings of IEEE Virtual Reality (VR)",
  pages        = "203--210",
  year         = "2009",
  publisher    = "IEEE Press",
  keywords     = "virtual-portals",
  url          = ""

Other publications in the database

» Frank Steinicke
» Gerd Bruder
» Anthony Steed
» Klaus H. Hinrichs